Two Local Groups Are Making Headway against Homelessness
Serving Seniors and the Regional Task Force on the Homeless are making progress despite the growing wave of homelessness in San Diego
The low-income seniors who enter the doors of Serving Seniors’ Gary and Mary West Senior Wellness Center come from diverse backgrounds and circumstances. There is no one route to becoming one of San Diego’s most vulnerable, at-risk citizens.
Brent Wakefield, chief development officer for Serving Seniors, tells stories of seniors seeking help who suffered a job loss, a health crisis, or who just didn’t have any other family members left.
“These are people I would love to have as a grandmother or mom,” Wakefield says. “It’s a broad range of people. What they all share in common is poverty.”
Serving Seniors offers adults ages 60 and older meals, education, social services, case management, and affordable housing options. The idea is to keep them as healthy and independent as possible.
The wraparound services help pull many seniors back from the precipice of homelessness, says Molly Cartmill, Serving Seniors’ board chair and director of corporate social responsibility for Sempra Energy. It’s estimated that two in five seniors must choose between rent and food.
“It is unacceptable, in my opinion, to allow fragile seniors to fall into that hole,” Cartmill says, recalling a couple in their 80s who were evicted and had nowhere else to go. “They say that society is judged by the way it cares for its most fragile citizens. Everyone deserves dignity and respect.”
For those seniors who do become homeless or are facing eviction, Serving Seniors offers a Homeless Prevention Program. The seniors are connected with case managers who assess their needs to help them find meals, counseling, and affordable housing at one of the program’s two senior residential facilities. The waiting list for just a handful of available single-occupancy housing units can be two to three months long, according to social service case manager Pamela Alvarado.
In the decade since its creation, Serving Seniors’ homeless support program has helped more than 1,000 seniors, with a 92-percent success rate.
The Regional Task Force on the Homeless has counted San Diego County’s homeless population at nearly 8,700 people, of which 4,940 are without shelter. Of that unsheltered population, 1,334 people, or 27 percent, were over the age of 55.
Cartmill estimates that’s a 167-percent increase in homeless seniors in the last year alone.
“I can’t believe people aren’t freaking out about that number,” says Wakefield.
Cartmill says our aging baby boomer population will undoubtedly increase the number of seniors at risk of homelessness.
Serving Seniors is the only organization of its kind in San Diego working specifically with homeless seniors. Wakefield says there are a number of ways concerned San Diegans can get involved, from corporate giving to serving meals to supporting expanded housing opportunities region-wide. Awareness of San Diego’s older homeless community is an important first step, he says. “It’s a growing population. The numbers are scary.”
Varied Approaches for a Varied Population
The Downtown San Diego Partnership and its Clean & Safe Program recently announced a milestone: 1000 homeless individuals have been reunited with family or friends across the nation, as a result of the Family Reunification program sponsored by Sharp HealthCare. Visit downtownsandiego.org to learn more.
Seniors are but one demographic of San Diego’s diverse homeless population. The Regional Task Force on the Homeless says that 59 percent of San Diego’s unsheltered homeless are between the ages of 25 and 54. Nearly 72 percent are male, 60 percent are white, and 39 percent have a physical disability. Some 22 percent of the unsheltered are considered chronically homeless, defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development as someone who’s been homeless for a year or more.
There are a range of approaches to helping this varied population, from expansive, multi-agency assistance programs to grassroots volunteer groups.
One larger local initiative is Project 25, a public-private partnership overseen by Father Joe’s Villages. Its aim is to help chronically homeless people, who are the most frequent users of costly, publicly funded services like emergency room visits and ambulance rides. Project 25 has helped about 40 participants with subsidized permanent housing, case management, and medical care, resulting in an estimated savings to taxpayers of more than $4 million.
“These are people who are costing the system a lot of money, often with physical or mental health issues. But with stable housing and health care, they’re not as costly,” says Ruth Bruland, Father Joe’s Villages’ chief program officer.
With help from local hospitals, ambulance services, law enforcement, and homeless shelters, Project 25 identifies and reaches out to those most in need.
“It’s an incredibly sad thing that the most welcoming place these people can find is an emergency room,” Bruland says.
Project 25 is so named because it initially sought to house at least 25 chronically homeless people with federal housing vouchers and $1.5 million in startup funds from The United Way.
The United Way provided another $100,000 in bridge funding for the program, but is no longer financially involved. Father Joe’s Villages now operates Project 25 with private donations and grant money from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
“Project 25 has been this tremendous lesson for all of us,” Bruland says. “Homelessness never ends, but it’s our job to keep plugging away. This has taught us to never give up. You just have to find the right combination of intervention, then—oh my gosh—miracles happen.”