San Diego City Information
Claimed for Spain in 1542 by Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, San Diego is recognized as the birthplace of California. In 1769 Father Junipero Serra established the Mission San Diego de Alcala, a primary link in his chain of 21 missions that later extended to Northern California.
San Diego, "America's Finest City," is also her sixth largest, with a city population exceeding 1.2 million. Some 2.7 million residents call San Diego county home.
The city of San Diego encompasses 72.7 square miles. The county of San Diego covers 4,255 square miles, comprising the city of San Diego as well as 17 incorporated cities: Carlsbad, Chula Vista, Coronado, Del Mar, El Cajon, Encinitas, Escondido, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove, National City, Oceanside, Poway, San Marcos, Santee, Solana Beach and Vista.
The main attraction in San Diego, of course, is the weather. The average daytime temperature is 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). Most days are sunny. Winter temperatures rarely fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius). Average annual rainfall is less than 10 inches and occurs primarily during the months of December through March.
In addition to over 70 miles of beaches, San Diego is also home to the historical site of Old Town State Park, the world-renowned San Diego Zoo and Wild Animal Park, Sea World, the Old Globe Theatre, and centrally located Balboa Park, with its 13 museums, Japanese Garden, outdoor organ pavilion, and many other attractions.
San Diego is also a rich and diverse cultural mecca with a heavy emphasis on the performing arts. San Diego is home to two Tony Award-winning theatres (the Old Globe Theatre and the La Jolla Playhouse), a thriving San Diego Opera, and dozens of dance companies, theater groups, and popular musical entertainers. San Diego's temperate climate make its many outdoor concerts at a variety of venues a particularly enjoyable activity.
Amateur athletes find San Diego's beaches, canyons, backroads, and facilities make it an ideal place to train and compete. Clubs abound to support every activity from triathlons to soccer games. On the professional sports scene, spectators follow the Padres (baseball), the Chargers (football), and the Sockers (indoor soccer). Seasonal events include Rancho Santa Fe Polo and the Del Mar Thoroughbred Club's racing season as well as numerous golf tournaments and tennis matches.
Served by an efficient transit system, one that links the city to her Mexican neighbor Tijuana to the south, San Diego has evolved into an ideal place to visit, work and live. It truly deserves the moniker "America's Finest City."